.
Names of the currencies
.
name country word forms origins
austral Argentina 1 - austral
5-1000 - australes
Derives from Latin "australis" - "southern".
balboa Panama 1 - balboa
2 -
balboas
Named in the honour of the Spanish conquistador Vasco Núñez de Balboa.
bit Danish West Indies 2,5-50 - bit English word "bit" ("piece").
bolivar Venezuela 1 - bolívar
2-1000 -
bolívares
Named in the honour of Simón Bolívar - one of the founders of independence of many South American countries.
boliviano Bolivia 1 - boliviano
2-5 -
bolivianos
Derives from the name of the country, and thus from the name of Simón Bolívar.
cent Aruba
Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Cayman Islands
Danish West Indies
Eastern Caribbean
Guyana
Jamaica
Netherlands Antilles
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
English and Danish:
1 - cent

2-50 - cents

Dutch:
1-50 - cent

Derives from Latin "centum" - a hundred, used in the meaning of "a hundredth".
centavo Argentina
Bolivia
Brazil
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Paraguay
Peru
1 - centavo
2-50 - centavos
Derives from Latin "centum" - a hundred, used in the meaning of "a hundredth".
centésimo Chile
Panama

Uruguay
1 - centésimo
2-50 - centésimos
Derives from Latin "centum" - a hundred, used in the meaning of "a hundredth".
centime Guadeloupe
Haiti
Martinique
1 - centime
2-50 - centimes
Derives from Latin "centum" - a hundred, used in the meaning of "a hundredth".
céntimo Costa Rica
Paraguay
Peru
Venezuela
1 - céntimo
2-50 - céntimos
Derives from Latin "centum" - a hundred, used in the meaning of "a hundredth".
colón Costa Rica
El Salvador
1 - colón
2-50 -
colones
Named in the honour of Christopher Columbus (known in Spanish as Cristóbal Colón).
cordoba Nicaragua 1 - córdoba
5-10 -
córdobas
Named in the honour of the founder of Nicaragua, Francisco Hernández de Córdoba.
cruzado Brazil 1 - cruzado
2-50 - cruzados
Derives from the name of an old Portuguese golden coin "cruzado" with approximate value of 400 réis.
cruzeiro Brazil 1 - cruzeiro
2-50 - cruzeiros
Derives from the name of the constellation "Cruzeiro do Sul" ("Southern Cross") .
daler Danish West Indies 1-10 - daler Derives from German word "thal" - "valley" (through the name of the Bohemian currency minted in the city of Joachimsthal - "joachimsthaler" or "thaler").
dollar Bahamas
Barbados
Belize
Cayman Islands
Eastern Caribbean
Guyana
Jamaica
Suriname
Trinidad and Tobago
English:
1 -
dollar
2-10 -
dollars

Dutch:
1-100 - dollar

Derives from German word "thal" - "valley" (through the name of the Bohemian currency minted in the city of Joachimsthal - "joachimsthaler" or "thaler").
escudo Chile 1 - escudo
2-100 - escudos
Spanish word "escudo" meaning "coat of arms" or "shield".
florin Aruba 1-5 - florin Derives from French word "fleur" meaning "flower" (the design of the original Florentine florins was the distinctive "fleur-de-lis" - lily flower).
franc Danish West Indies
Guadeloupe
Martinique
1 - franc
2 - francs
Possibly, French word "franc" meaning "free".
gourde Haiti 1 - gourde
5 - gourdes
Derives from Spanish word "gordo" - "fat".
guarani Paraguay 1 - guaraní
5-1000 - guaraníes
The name of an indigenous people from South America's interior (Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Bolivia).
guilder Netherlands Antilles
Suriname
1-5 - gulden Derives from old German word "gulden" meaning "golden".
inti Peru 1 - inti
5 - intis
Named after Inti, the Inca sun god.
lempira Honduras 1 - lempira
2 -
lempiras
Named in the honour of Lempira - a war chieftain of the Lencas during the 1530s, when he led resistance to the attempts of the Spanish to conquer and incorporate the region into the province of Honduras.
penny Bahamas
Jamaica

Malvinas
/ Falkland
1 - penny
2-50 - pence
Possibly derives from English "pawn", German "pfand" or Dutch "pand", words which mean "pledge".
peso Argentina
Bolivia
Chile
Colombia
Cuba
Dominican Republic
El Salvador
Guatemala
Honduras
Mexico
Nicaragua
Paraguay
Uruguay
1 - peso
2-5000 - pesos
Spanish word meaning "weight", certain weight of silver.
pound Bahamas
Jamaica
Malvinas
/ Falkland
1 - pound
2 - pounds
English word "pound" (a unit of weight), certain weight of silver.
quetzal Guatemala 1 - quetzal
2 - quetzales
The name of the national bird of Guatemala.
real Brazil
Guatemala
Spanish:
1 -
real
2 -
reales

Portuguese:
1 - real
2-5000 -
réis (before 1942) or reais (since 1993)

Portuguese and Spanish word "real" meaning "royal".
sol Peru 1 - sol
5-500 - sole
s
Spanish word "sol" meaning "sun". ("Sol de oro" - "golden sun".)
sucre Ecuador 1 - sucre
2-1000 -
sucres
Named in the honour of Antonio José de Sucre y Alcalá - one of the founders of independence of many South American countries.
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